According to the survey it came into the picture that there has been 20% to 30% rise in infertility in the country in the last five years of time. Infertility in men and women has become fairly common these days and is on the mount in India. Infertility is neither an urban phenomenon nor its confined only to women. Studies have shown that in nearly 30% of all the infertility cases, the cause can be attributed to the problem in the male gender. However in India male infertility is mainly ignored fact and women are subjected to a lot of social stigma for being unable to bear a child. It is required therefore that give equal importance to male infertility and create awareness about the condition.
There are few treatment options for addressing male infertility. These include:
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) This method can be tried when the sperm count is at least 10 million. In this process, the semen is washed using special methods in a lab and few sperms are placed using a thin tube inside the woman’s womb. This is a very simple and an inexpensive procedure.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): This is similar to the test-tube baby procedure. Eggs from the women are removed with the needle under sonography control and placed under the microscope. Each sperm is selected up with pine needle and injected directly into the egg with a device. The eggs then fertilized and divide. After two to three days, the embryo is placed in the womb.
- PESA, TESA: At times when a hormonal test is normal, there may not be any sperms in the semen. In such cases, the sperms can be uninvolved directly from the testes using a tiny needle device. These are then injected into the egg using the ICSI procedure.
- Donor Sperms: There are also cases of the complete testicular failure with abnormal hormones and no sperm. In such cases, donor sperm is obtained from a semen bank. This is then injected into the egg.
Lifestyle habits that lead to male infertility include
- Excessive alcohol consumption by male
- Drug uses
- Being overweight or obese
- Over-exercise routine followed by some of the males
- Poor diet
- exposure to certain toxins, pesticides can also lead to male infertility
- If the partner is exposed to radiation or chemotherapy