Pregnancy is the process which takes place when a sperm fertilizes an egg after it is released from the ovary during ovulation. The fertilized egg also called zygote travels down the uterus where the implantation occurs. A successful implantation results in a pregnancy.
On average the full term of the pregnancy is 40 weeks. But there are many factors which affect the pregnancy. A woman who comes to know early and prenatal care are more likely to experience a healthy pregnancy and also they give birth to a healthy child.
Pregnancy prevention and birth control methods
Women who are sexually active should consider forms of birth control if they are not interested in pregnancy. Some method suits some people more than the other. Take an opinion from your doctor about birth control that is right for you.
Using this form of birth control is almost 98% effective. However, that statistic is based on perfect use in ideal condition. So there are many factors which go wrong and lowers the effectiveness of the condom.
Hormonal birth control pills are a popular method of contraception. This is easily available over-the-counter store and it works by controlling the hormonal level in woman’s body. It works in three ways:
By this method, the success rate varies. They are 99% effective when the condition is perfect. and 91% with human errors like forgetting to take the pill every day.
Natural family planning
This is the method with the highest rate of failure. It works by tracking the symptoms of a women’s cycle, predicting when she will ovulate and avoiding the intercourse during the fertile window. But accidental pregnancy often happens, the failure rate of this method is almost 25 %.
They are called morning-after pills and are available over-the-counter and also with a prescription at the drugstore. These are not intended as regular forms of birth control. Instead, it acts as a second option when your regular birth control method fails. However, it should be used within 72 hours of sexual contact to be properly effective.
These are devices placed in the uterus to interrupt the process of insemination. It is currently the most effective way of birth control and its success rate is 99% for preventing pregnancy.
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